In Afghanistan there is a law that prohibits calling women in public by their name, so much so that it is considered an insult. Thus women are identified as ′′ daughter of ′′ ′′ wife of ′′ ′′ mother of ′′ followed by the name of the male relative.
Their name doesn't even appear in their documents, their birth certificate, doctor's prescriptions, marriage invitations, children's birth certificates or even in their death certificate and their graveyard stone.
Their identity doesn't exist except in relation to a man.
One day, a woman went to the doctor who prescribed her a prescription for drugs. She gave him her name, once she returned home, the husband saw the wife's name in the doctor's prescription and beat her up, telling her he had disgraced her.
′′ In Afghanistan according to tribal logic, a woman's body belongs to a man. And with it the face and the name that identifies it ", explained Afghan socioloco Hassan Rizayee, in the New York Times.
Three years ago, a 25-year-old young woman named Laleh decided that we could no longer accept this situation, having a name is a ′′ fundamental human right ". And so she started the campaign ′′ Where is my name ′′ - ′′ Where's my name?".
She was insulted by men who said she wanted to put her name because she didn't know who the father of her child was, in fact, calling her ′′ no good ".
It was contrasted by several women, who thought it was more important to respect men's honor than to have the right to their own identity.
Many other women, fortunately, joined her in this campaign, especially Afghan women who emigrated abroad.
′′ Since a young age, women are conditioned to believe that they are an appendix to a man, but most of the limits imposed on women have no foundation in Islamic religion ", Laleh explains.
′′ A woman is first and foremost a human being and only then she is a wife, sister, mother or daughter. And she has the right to be recognized for her identity ", said Sayeed, a women's rights activist and famous Afghan singer.
′′ We need to break a taboo and bring women's name and identity back to first place says Safiqeh Mohseni, another woman who supports the campaign.
′′ The only way to break silence on women's condition is to give them voice starting from the name says another supporter.
And finally, after 3 long years, victory has come: the government has announced that the mother's name will be included on the national identity card and, thanks to this, she will give her mother the power and authority to obtain documents for children, enroll them in school and travel.
A big step forward for women across Afghanistan.
Laleh Osmany, a brave, resolute, tenacious woman. A woman who named millions of women by making her voice heard and not agreeing to succumb to the dictates imposed by society.
Laleh Osmany: the influencer I want.
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