NEW DELHI: Egyptian President Abdel Fattah al-Sisi on Sunday conferred Prime Minister Narendra Modi with the ‘Order of the Nile’ award, the nation’s highest state honour. This is the 13th such highest state honour that various countries across the world have conferred upon PM Modi.
PM Modi is in Egypt on a two-day state visit. This is his first tour to Egypt and the first bilateral visit by an Indian PM to the country since 1997.
Earlier in the day, PM Modi and President Sisi held bilateral talks and signed MoUs to boost cooperation in critical sectors.
What is the Order of the Nile?
The Order of the Nile (Kiladat El Nil) was established in 1915 by Sultan Hussein Kamel of Egypt for award to persons who had rendered useful service to the country. It was one of the Kingdom of Egypt’s principal orders until the monarchy was abolished in 1953.
After Egypt became a republic in 1953 the Order of the Nile was reconstituted to serve as Egypt’s highest state honor.
The Order of the Nile is a pure gold collar comprising three square gold unites on which there are Pharaonic symbols.
The first unit resembles the idea of protecting the state against the evils, the second one resembles prosperity and happiness brought by the Nile and the third one refers to wealth and endurance.
The units are connected to one another by a circular gold flower decorated with turquoise and ruby.
Hanging from the collar is a hexagonal pendant decorated with flowers of the Pharaonic style, and turquoise and ruby gems.
In the middle of the pendant, there is a protruding symbol representing the Nile that brings together the North (represented by the Papyrus) and the South (represented by the Lotus).